If your child is struggling to sound out words and is also mispronouncing some sounds in English, they *may* have dyslexia. Continue reading to see what we know from the current research that's out there.
Present from birth (it doesn't just show up out of nowhere)
Can be identified as early as Kindergarten
More common than any other learning disability
A breakdown in phonological awareness
Responsive to expert and informed instruction (YAY!)
Dyslexia Red Flags
Early signs of possible dyslexia:
Family history of reading and/or language impairments
Difficulties in oral language and/or articulation
Trouble learning letter names and sounds
*Writing letters/numbers backwards can be a NORMAL part of development up until grade 4. So, it's important to see a speech therapist to truly determine the root cause of your child's struggles!
Dyslexia & Reading
Just take a second and look over
Scarborough's Reading Rope visual. It's a lot of information isn't it? Reading is a very complicated, thorough, multifaceted process. If there is a breakdown in any one of those threads, your child's reading would be negatively impacted.
Specifically, dyslexia is the breakdown at the level of Word Recognition in the Phonological Awareness category. They may have difficulty with rhyming, sound-letter correspondence, segmenting and blending sounds, or breaking words into syllables.
The good news is that a speech therapist is an expert in this field and can help your child improve in this area to establish healthy and strong reading patterns!
Does this sound like something your child might need help with? Contact me today and let's talk :)